Fractal Universe

The Big Bang theory was always inadequate. It tries to relegate electricity to a minor role in space. The universe consists of a series of spiral bodies of diminishing size, each made in turn by plasma ejection and moulded by a spatial Coriolis effect: a rotating fractal universe (Grand Unified Theory).

The Universe

The Universe – Consists of a series of spiral bodies of diminishing size, each made in turn by plasma ejection and moulded by a spatial Coriolis effect: a rotating fractal universe.»

The Big Bang theory is a failure. It has failed because the wrong guesses were made by Einstein and Friedman. Their equations ignored electricity’s dominant role in the universe. So much for the supposed ‘rigour of mathematics’.

Therefore research for the following hypothesis, was begun using pictures, not maths, but the attempt to explain the wide-spread occurrence of spirals in space produced unexpected results. The identification of similarities between all sizes of bodies from super-galactic to atomic brought with it, like it or no, a clear connection to Schroedinger’s quantum mathematics!

The Universe

Only passing reference to the mathematical aspects are relevant in a pop science website such as this. Those interested should refer to one of the many books on the subject of Schroedinger’s atomic physics. Max Born’s “Atomic Physics” published by Blackie and Son takes some beating but it is hard to find now.

This website is an extended conversion of a slideshow that was presented to Manchester Astronomical Society in September 2002. It should be read through in order.

Galaxy formation

The Universe

Why does the pattern of galaxy super-clusters in space show fractal features?

Why do galaxies occur in clusters and chains?

Why are there spirals in sizes from superclusters, galaxies, through quasars, down to meteors?

Why do they often resemble hurricanes in shape?

Why do these spirals, even down to meteors, spit out jets of plasma?

Why do they radiate wide-spectrum electromagnetic energy?

Why do many spirals e.g NGC 7814 (see pic) resemble high-voltage arcs?

Why are some plasma jets periodic?

Why does the centre of our galaxy resemble a dynamo?

Why are the largest craters on planets and moons at or near the poles?


The resemblance between the shapes of ‘ordinary’ spiral galaxies and hurricanes was noted long ago, but the idea got no further, spirals are not remarkable enough.

However, a strange-looking hurricane in the Caribbean on 26 September 2002 is less easy to dismiss as accident. How did the mis-shapen hurricane ‘Karl’ come to bear such a strong likeness to the equally deviant ‘Tadpole Galaxy’? Pure coincidence or a shared formative process?

The complexity of the comparison precludes a mathematical analysis but lends itself more readily to a topographical treatment.

Disintegrating Spirals

Hurricane and galaxy shed an arm each (left). [ watch video ]

The dynamics of hurricanes is fairly well understood and sheds light on galaxy formation:

Plumes of air warmed by the ground or sea rise and are spun into vortices by the Coriolis effect (result of earth’s rotation).

So for the comparison to hold up, galaxies and other spirals in space must have at least two features in common with hurricanes:

  1. Initial fluid jets/plumes
  2. A spatial counterpart to the Coriolis effect to spin the jets into spirals.

Evidence for both is presented here, with the further observation that galaxies share with their terrestrial counterparts, a tendency to shed portions of themselves, including spiral arms (at left). The formation of clusters and chains at all size levels can thus be explained by analogy.

Plasma Filament

Plumes and filaments are common enough in space.
This is a quiet filament among many in Cygnus

Spatial Electrics

Plasma (ionised gas) flows have been found by radio telescope.
Any conductor, including plasma, moving in a magnetic field generates electricity.

This filament in Abel 1795 carries a current of trillions of amps along a chain of galaxies, calculated from the din of its wide-spectrum radio emissions.

There are so many filaments/plumes in space that one scientist described the scene as a ‘plasma spaghetti bowl’.

Galaxy and Offspring Quasar

This galaxy which shows a plasma bridge connecting it to its infant quasar was spotted and image-processed by Sotira Trifourki of Manchester Astronomical Society. Her image-processing reveals that the jet continues well past the quasar. This recalls the discredited Steady State Theory of Fred Hoyle, Herman Bondi and Thomas Gold! They said “Galaxies breed Galaxies, generation on generation”.

Plasma Ejections – NGC300 (right) & PK336 (left)

Simultaneous, multiple ejections from galaxies, and on a smaller scale, from nebulas etc are common.

NGC 300 (right)
The galaxy’s centre is shown as a blue dot (top left). Amongst other less clear-cut serial emissions are : initial jet (dotted red line) to form quasar (red square), then 5 secondary jets, each forming a micro-quasar (red circles).

PK336 nebula (left) spits out 3 quasars.
Such iterative (repeated) processes are typical of those leading to fractal structures.

Big Craters

Down another size still. Exceptionally large craters at or near the poles of planets and moons where the magnetic fields are strongest suggest plasma ejections.
Left to right are: Earth (40 km Mjolnir crater undersea near Svalbard), Venus, Io, Mars, Moon, Mercury.

Tadpole and Mice Beads

Spiral Formation.The evidence for spiral-formation in plasma jets is extensive.
The two ‘Mice’ galaxies and the ‘Tadpole’ have plasma ribbons with included spiral offspring.


NASA’s X-ray image reveals M87’s jet as a series of spiral plasma knots.
Also note, the node/anti-node spacing could well stem from core resonance.

Inset is a pulsed meteor trail, again looking like resonance.
Photo: Perseid Meteor [ Mike Oates, Manchester Astronomical Society, Aug 1989

Milky Way

The VLA radio telescope team in New Mexico plotted the electrical system at the centre of the Milky Way. One scientist likened the giant plasma loops found there to a dynamo. With the more recent discovery of plasma jets from the same vicinity there is good reason to connect the two, since electricity is known to be able to bring about nuclear fusion, if not the creation of matter. The electromagnetic map of galaxy M82 looks much the same. (BBC News website 17 April 2000)

Fractal Universe?

But now for the big one…

What could the spatial equivalent of the Coriolis effect be? A rotating universe? Perhaps our’s is a rotating, spiral universe, the last and biggest. Or perhaps there is a next spiral up; one of an infinite, fractal set. Each level would appear finite to its denizens until better technology revealed more, and more and more…


The universe consists of a series of spiral bodies of diminishing size each made in turn by plasma ejection and moulded by a spatial Coriolis effect: a rotating fractal universe.

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